Recent Trends, Applications, and Challenges of Brain-Computer Interfacing (BCI)

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Aroosa Umair 1,* Ureeba Ashfaq 1 Muhammad Gufran Khan 1

1. Department of Electrical Engineering, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Chiniot-Faisalabad, 35400/38000, Pakistan

* Corresponding author.


Received: 2 Apr. 2016 / Revised: 11 Jun. 2016 / Accepted: 5 Sep. 2016 / Published: 8 Feb. 2017

Index Terms

Brain Computer Interface, BCI, EEG, MMI


Brain-Computer Interfacing (BCI) enables a communication pathway that is used to directly control certain object or device with the human brain. It is possible to acquire data from the brain with the help of sensors which essentially monitor the physical processes that occur in the brain and with the help of software we can direct a device accordingly. BCI introduces its users a new system that communicates in a special way without the use of muscles. BCI also provides a useful platform for the people with physical disabilities to conveniently perform certain tasks in our society. It uses brain imaging technologies which help in increasing the quality of the communication between humans and machines. There has been significant research effort in the past decade to explore different aspects of this promising field of technology. Previously, BCIs had limited functionality but due to recent advancement in technology it has attained the maturity of its own right by adding new trends and extra features to it.
In this paper, research work of development and integration of both hardware and software in BCI and the advancements of BCI are surveyed considering all the possibilities of direct communication of computers with a brain using emerging technologies. Different approaches used up till now with an overview of the methodology are presented to make the reader understand its meaning and functionality in a compact way. This research paper will guide a beginner to end up with a thorough knowledge of what’s, how’s and why’s of BCI. In addition, BCI applications, challenges, possible solutions and future directions have also been discussed.

Cite This Paper

Aroosa Umair, Ureeba Ashfaq, Muhammad Gufran Khan,"Recent Trends, Applications, and Challenges of Brain-Computer Interfacing (BCI)", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), Vol.9, No.2, pp.58-65, 2017. DOI:10.5815/ijisa.2017.02.08


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