Impact of TCSC on Distance Protection Setting based Modified Particle Swarm Optimization Techniques

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Mohamed Zellagui 1,* Abdelaziz Chaghi 1

1. LSP-IE Laboratory, Faculty of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Batna , Algeria

* Corresponding author.


Received: 16 Oct. 2012 / Revised: 11 Jan. 2013 / Accepted: 4 Mar. 2013 / Published: 8 May 2013

Index Terms

TCSC, Apparent Reactance, Distance Protection, Settings Zones, Optimization, PSO Techniques


This paper presents the application of the Modified Particle Swarm Optimization (MPSO) technique for optimal settings zones for MHO distance relay protect 400 kV single transmission line of Eastern Algerian transmission networks at Algerian Company of Electrical and Gas (Group Sonelgaz) compensated by series Flexible Alternative current Transmission System (FACTS) i.e. Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC) connected at midpoint. The effects of TCSC insertion on the total impedance of a protected transmission line with respect to injected variable reactance value (X_(TCSC)) in capacitive and inductive boost mode depending of the firing angle (α) is considered. The modified setting zone protection for three zones (Z_(1), Z_(2) and Z_(3)) is have been investigate in order to prevent circuit breaker nuisance tripping and improve the performances of distance relay protection. In this work our aim is to compare the performance of the proposed MPSO algorithm with an analytical method (AM). The findings demonstrate the outstanding performance of the proposed MPSO in terms of computation speed, rate of convergence, and feasibility. The simulation results are compared with each other, and then the more perfect algorithm is considered.

Cite This Paper

Mohamed Zellagui, Abdelaziz Chaghi, "Impact of TCSC on Distance Protection Setting based Modified Particle Swarm Optimization Techniques", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), vol.5, no.6, pp.12-24, 2013. DOI:10.5815/ijisa.2013.06.02


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