Indeterminacy Handling of Adaptive Neuro-fuzzy Inference System Using Neutrosophic Set Theory: A Case Study for the Classification of Diabetes Mellitus

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Rajan Prasad 1,* Praveen Kumar Shukla 1

1. Artificial Intelligence Research Center, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 3 Sep. 2022 / Revised: 3 Dec. 2022 / Accepted: 13 Jan. 2023 / Published: 8 Jun. 2023

Index Terms

N-ANFIS, SVNS, SVNN, Neutrosophic Set, Diabetes, Indeterminacy, ANFIS, Hybrid System, Machine Learning, Neutrosophic Classifier


Early diabetes diagnosis allows patients to begin treatment on time, reducing or eliminating the risk of serious consequences. In this paper, we propose the Neutrosophic-Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (N-ANFIS) for the classification of diabetes. It is an extension of the generic ANFIS model. Neutrosophic logic is capable of handling the uncertain and imprecise information of the traditional fuzzy set. The suggested method begins with the conversion of crisp values to neutrosophic sets using a trapezoidal and triangular neutrosophic membership function. These values are fed into an inferential system, which compares the most impacted value to a diagnosis. The result demonstrates that the suggested model has successfully dealt with vague information. For practical implementation, a single-value neutrosophic number has been used; it is a special case of the neutrosophic set. To highlight the promising potential of the suggested technique, an experimental investigation of the well-known Pima Indian diabetes dataset is presented. The results of our trials show that the proposed technique attained a high degree of accuracy and produced a generic model capable of effectively classifying previously unknown data. It can also surpass some of the most advanced classification algorithms based on machine learning and fuzzy systems.

Cite This Paper

Rajan Prasad, Praveen Kumar Shukla, "Indeterminacy Handling of Adaptive Neuro-fuzzy Inference System Using Neutrosophic Set Theory: A Case Study for the Classification of Diabetes Mellitus", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), Vol.15, No.3, pp.1-15, 2023. DOI:10.5815/ijisa.2023.03.01


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