Multi Agent Assisted Safety Information Dissemination Scheme for V2V Communication in VANETs: Intelligent Agent Approach

Full Text (PDF, 559KB), PP.49-62

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


Ramesh B. Koti 1,* Mahabaleshwar S. Kakkasageri 2

1. Electronics and Communication Engineering Department, Gogte Institute of Technology (Autonomous) Belagavi-590002, Karnataka, India

2. Electronics and Communication Engineering Department, Basaveshwar Engineering College (Autonomous) Bagalkot-587102, Karnataka, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 8 May 2021 / Revised: 15 Jun. 2021 / Accepted: 27 Jun. 2021 / Published: 8 Aug. 2021

Index Terms

V2V Communication, Safety Information Dissemination, Multi-agents, Vehicle Manager Agent (VMA), Region of Interest (ROI) etc


The safety information dissemination plays a vital role in the VANET communication. It is a technique of transmitting the information at scheduled intervals or during road hazards by detecting the events using onboard system and interfaces. Information is shared between vehicles and road side units which are further used to predict vehicle collisions, road line crossings, environmental warnings, traffic data and road hazards. Interestingly the risk of lateral collisions and dense traffic for vehicles can be avoided by accomplishing fast data dissemination i.e. warning alerts by event detection. Vehicular technology which supports the safe mode of transportation is growing faster due to the deployment of new automated technology in the intelligent transportation system (ITS). The different scenarios used in vehicular communication are Vehicle to Vehicle (V-V), Vehicle to Infrastructure (V-I) and Vehicle to Internet. Some of the important characteristics of vehicular communications are the mobility, frequent changes in topology, varying transmission power of antennas, intermittent connectivity. ITS providing the solutions for most critical transportation issues and inspiring the researchers for the betterment of road safety. In this paper, we propose a multi agent based safety information dissemination scheme for vehicle to vehicle communication. The proposed algorithm performs the safety information dissemination with help of intelligent agents by optimizing the channel access techniques, message encoding and selection of intermediate nodes. Here the communication between source and destination is achieved with fever number of intermediate links by selecting the nodes in the special zone. Short interval codes which represent safety information are effectively transmitted in the intermittent nature of wireless connectivity. This proposed work describes the details of algorithm with associated network environment, multi agent functions and dissemination mechanism to illustrate the improvement in end to end delay, PDR, energy constraints etc. This method reduces the problem of broadcast storm by delivering the information to intended node. Simulation of the proposed work gives the improved results on PDR, latency and connection overhead.

Cite This Paper

Ramesh B. Koti, Mahabaleshwar S. Kakkasageri, "Multi Agent Assisted Safety Information Dissemination Scheme for V2V Communication in VANETs: Intelligent Agent Approach", International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications(IJISA), Vol.13, No.4, pp.49-62, 2021. DOI: 10.5815/ijisa.2021.04.05


[1]Brij Bihari Dubey, Naveen Chauhan, Prashant Kumar, “A survey on data dissemination techniques used in VANETs”, International Journal of Computer Applications,Vol.10,No.7, November (2010).
[2]Hevin Rajesh Dhasian, Paramasivan Balasubramanian, “Survey of data aggregation techniques using soft computing in wireless sensor net- works”, IET Journal of Information Security, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 336–342, (2016).
[3]Guofeng Yang, Chunsheng Li, HaotianYang, “Efficient data gathering based on linear regression in wireless multivariate sensor networks”, Information Technology Journal, Vol. 12, pp. 2286-2295, (2013).
[4]Nini Elsa Shaji, Shamila Ebenezer, “Information aggregation techniques in different networks”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol. 62, No. 8, (2013).
[5]Okon, Michael & Ogbodo, Catherine. (2015). “GSM Use Pattern for Information Dissemination and Evaluation of Income Level among Rural Dwellers in Uruan Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria”. International Journal of Education and Management Engineering. 5. 1-12.
[6]H. Wu, R. Fujimoto, R. Guensler and M. Hunter, “MDDV: A mobility centric data dissemination algorithm for vehicular networks”, Vehicular Ad hoc Networks, pp. 47-56, (2014).
[7]Darus, Mohamad & Abu Bakar, Kamalrulnizam. (2013). “Formal Verification of Congestion Control Algorithm in VANETs”. International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security.5.1-7.
[8]K.Rostamzadeh and S. Gopalakrishnan, “Analysis of message dissemination in vehicular networks”, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 62, No. 8, pp. 3974–3982, (2013).
[9]N.Wisitpongphan, O. Tonguz, J. Parikh, P. Mudalige, F. Bai, and V. Sadekar, “Broadcast storm mitigation techniques in vehicular ad hoc networks”, IEEE Wireless Communications, Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 84–94, (2015).
[10]J-Y Lee, C- S Wang and M-C Chuang, “Fast and reliable emergency message dissemination mechanism in vehicular adhoc networks”, Proc. IEEE wireless communications and networking, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp.1-6, (2013).
[11]M.Fathy and S. Khakbaz,“A Reliable method for disseminating safety information in vehicular ad hoc networks considering fragmentation problem”, Proc. 4thInternational Conference on Wireless and Mobile Communications, (2011).
[12]R.Preet and A. Gupta,“Traffic congestion estimation in VANETs and its application to information dissemination”, 12th International conference on distributed computing and networking (ICDCN), (2014).
[13]Moritz K., Hannes H.,“An empirical model for probability of packet reception in vehicular ad hoc network”, Journal on wireless communications and networking – Special issue on wireless access in vehicular environments, (2010).
[14]M. S. Kakkasageri, S. S. Manvi, “Intelligent information dissemination in VANETs”, International Journal of Ad hoc, Sensor and Ubiquitous Computing (IJASUC),Vol.2,No.1,pp.112-123,March (2015).
[15]M. S. Kakkasageri, S. S. Manvi, Jeremy Pitt, “Cognitive agent based critical information gathering and dissemination in vehicular ad hoc networks”, International Journal of Wireless Personal Communications, Vol. 69, pp. 1107–1129, (2013).
[16]Darmaastawan, Kadek, I. Sukarsa and Putu Wira Buana. “LINE Messenger as a Transport Layer to Distribute Messages to Partner Instant Messaging.” International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science, 11 (2019): 1-9.
[17]YuanguoB., Cai L.X., Xuemin S., Hai Z.,“A cross layer broadcast protocol for multi hop emergency message dissemination in inter-vehicle communication”, IEEE International Conference on Communications, pp.1-5, (2010).
[18]B. Williams and T.Camp, “Comparison of broadcasting techniques for mobile Adhoc networks”, Proc. Mobile Ad hoc Networking and Computing (Mobihoc), pp 194-205, (2002).
[19]Q. Xu, T. Mak, J. Ko, and R. Sengupta, “Medium access control protocol design for vehicle-vehicle safety message”, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology,Vol.56,No.2,pp.499-518, (2007).
[20]G.Korkmaz, E. Ekici, and F. Ozguner, “Black-Burst-based multi hop broadcast protocols for vehicular networks”, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 56, No. 5, pp. 3159-3167, (2007).
[21]Y. Bi, H. Zhao, and X. Shen, “A Directional broadcast protocol for emergency messages exchange in inter-vehicle communication”, Proc. International Conference on Communications (ICC), pp. 1-5, (2009).
[22]D. S. J. D. Couto, D. Aguayo, J.Bicket, and R. Morris, “A high- throughput path metric for Multi-hop wireless networks”, Proc. International Conference on Mobile Communications (Mobicom), pp. 134-146, (2003).
[23]Anda, Ilyasu & Isah, Rabiu & Aminu, Enesi. (2017). A Safety Data Model for data analysis and decision making. International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business. 9. 21-30.
[24]L. X. Cai, H. Hwang, X. Shen, J.W. Mark, and L. Cai, “Optimizing Geographic Routing for Millimeter Wave Wireless Networks with Directional Antenna”, Proc. International; Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks, and Systems (Broadnets),pp.1-8, (2009).
[25]G.Mohammad and S. Marco, “Maximizable Routing Metric”,IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networks, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp.663-675, (2011).
[26]Kamini, Rakesh Kumar, “VANET Parameters and Applications:A Review”, Global Journal of Computer Science and Technology, Vol.72, Issue 7 Ver. 1.0 September (2010).
[27]Preethi, braveen, Thamizhselvi, "A survey on broadcasting protocols in both urban and highway scenarios", Proceedings of 34th IRF international conference, 26th February 2017, Bengaluru, India, ISBN: 978-93- 86291-639.
[28]Manpreet, Manpreet & Malhotra, Jyoteesh. (2016). “On the Selection of Physical Layer Optimized Network Topologies for the Zigbee Network”. International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science. 8. 84-94.
[29]K.Abboud and W. Zhuang, “Modeling and Analysis for Emergency Messaging Delay in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks”, In Proc. of the IEEE GLOBECOM, (2009), pp. 3866-3871.
[30]A.Ihn-Han Bae, Stephan Olariu, "Design and Evaluation of Hi-CAST and its Variants for Safety Message Dissemination in VANET", Proceedings, 13th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems (ICCAS2016),October (2016) ,Gwangju,Korea.
[31]T.Zhong, B. Xu and O. Wolfson "Disseminating Real-Time Traffic Information in Vehicular Ad-hoc", Proc. of IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV), (2008), pp. 1056–1061.
[32]Q. Yu and G. HeijenkAbiding "Geocast for Warning Message Dissemination in Vehicular Ad Hoc", Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Communication (ICC), (2008), pp. 400–404.
[33]R. S. Schwartz, R. Barbosa, N. Meratnia, G. Heijenk and H.Scholten,"A Simple and Robust Dissemination Protocol for VANETs", Proc. of IEEE European Wireless Conference, (2010), pp. 214–222.
[34]Qayyum, L. Viennot and A. Laouiti, “Multipoint Relaying for Flooding Broadcast Messages in Mobile Wireless Networks”, Proceeding of IEEE Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences (HICSS), (2014), pp. 3866– 3875.
[35]P. Salvo, M. De Felice, A. Baiocchi, F. Cuomo, and I. Rubin, “Timer- Based Distributed Dissemination Protocols for VANETs and Their Inter- action with MAC Layer”, in77th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, 2014, June 2013, pp. 1–6.
[36]F.Ros and P. Ruiz, “Minimum broadcasting structure for optimal data dissemination in vehicular networks”, Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions,volume62,no.8,pp.3964–3973,Oct2013.
[37]P. Gupta and P. R. Kumar, “The capacity of wireless networks,” IEEE Transaction Information Theory, volume 46, no. 2, pp. 388–404, Mar. 2000.
[38]M. Torrent-Moreno, J. Mittag, P. Santi, and H. Hartenstein, “Vehicleto- vehicle communication: Fair transmit power control for safety-critical information”, IEEE Transaction Vehicle Technology., volume 58, no. 7, pp. 3684–3703,Sep. 2009.
[39]C. Robinson, L. Caminiti, D. Caveney, and K. Laberteaux, “Efficient coordination and transmission of data for vehicular safety applications”, in 3rd Proceeding Advanced Mobile computing VANET, September. 2010, pp. 10–19.
[40]M.Chaqfeh, A. Lakas, and I. Jawhar, “A survey on data dissemination in vehicular ad hoc networks”, Vehicular Communications, volume 1, no. 4,pp. 214 – 225,2014
[41]M. Mauve, J. Widmer and H. Hartenstein, "A survey of position-based routing in mobile ad-hoc networks", IEEE Network Magazine, 2010.
[42]A.Ihn-Han Bae, Stephan Olariu, "Design and Evaluation of Hi-CAST and its Variants for Safety Message Dissemination in VANET", Proceedings, 13th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems (ICCAS2016),October 2016,Gwangju,Korea.