IJIGSP Vol. 5, No. 1, Jan. 2013
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 140KB)
The statistic shows that the number of casualty increase in every year due to road accident related to driver drowsiness. After long journey or sleepless night, vehicle driver will perform some bio-features with regard to drowsiness on them face. It is self-evident that getting location information of head in continuous monitoring and surveillance system rapidly and accurately can help prevent many accidents, and consequently save money and reduce personal suffering. In this paper, according the real situation in vehicle, an improved CAMShift approach is proposed to tracking motion of driver’s head. Results from experiment show the significant performance of proposed approach in driver’s head tracking.[...] Read more.
The sound patterns generated by the vehicles give a clue of the health conditions. The paper presents the fault detection of motorcycles based on the acoustic signals. Simple temporal and spectral features are used as input to four types of classifiers, namely, dynamic time warping (DTW), artificial neural network (ANN), k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) and support vector machine (SVM), for a suitability study in automatic fault detection. Amongst these classifiers the k-NN is found to be simple and suitable for this work. The overall classification accuracy exhibited by k-NN classifier is over 90%. The work finds applications in automatic surveillance, detection of non-compliance with traffic rules, identification of unlawful mixture of fuel, detection of over-aged vehicles on road, vehicle fault diagnosis and the like.[...] Read more.
This paper reviews the existing developments of adaptive methods of sparse adaptive filters for the identification of sparse impulse response in both network and acoustic echo cancellation from the last decade. A variety of different architectures and novel training algorithms have been proposed in literature. At present most of the work in echo cancellation on using more than one method. Sparse adaptive filters take the advantage of each method and showing good improvement in the sparseness measure performance. This survey gives an overview of existing sparse adaptive filters mechanisms and discusses their advantages over the traditional adaptive filters developed for echo cancellation.[...] Read more.
Brain tumor, is one of the major causes for the increase in mortality among children and adults. Detecting the regions of brain is the major challenge in tumor detection. In the field of medical image processing, multi sensor images are widely being used as potential sources to detect brain tumor. In this paper, a wavelet based image fusion algorithm is applied on the Magnetic Resonance (MR) images and Computed Tomography (CT) images which are used as primary sources to extract the redundant and complementary information in order to enhance the tumor detection in the resultant fused image. The main features taken into account for detection of brain tumor are location of tumor and size of the tumor, which is further optimized through fusion of images using various wavelet transforms parameters. We discuss and enforce the principle of evaluating and comparing the performance of the algorithm applied to the images with respect to various wavelets type used for the wavelet analysis. The performance efficiency of the algorithm is evaluated on the basis of PSNR values. The obtained results are compared on the basis of PSNR with gradient vector field and big bang optimization. The algorithms are analyzed in terms of performance with respect to accuracy in estimation of tumor region and computational efficiency of the algorithms.[...] Read more.
Microarray Image contains information about thousands of genes in an organism and these images are affected by several types of noises. They affect the circular edges of spots and thus degrade the image quality. Hence noise removal is the first step of cDNA microarray image analysis for obtaining gene ex-pression level and identifying the infected cells. The Dual Tree Complex Wavelet Transform (DT-CWT) is preferred for denoising microarray images due to its properties like improved directional selectivity and near shift-invariance. In this paper, bivariate estimators namely Linear Minimum Mean Squared Error (LMMSE) and Maximum A Posteriori (MAP) derived by applying DT-CWT are used for denoising microarray images. Experimental results show that MAP based denoising method outperforms existing denoising techniques for microarray images.[...] Read more.
In last few years’ different textile companies aim to produce the quality fabrics. Major loss of any textile oriented company occurs due to defective fabrics. So the detection of faulty fabrics plays an important role in the success of any company. Till now most of the inspection is done using human visual. This way is too much time consuming, cumbersome and prone to human errors. In past, many advances are made in developing automated and computerized systems to reduce cost and time whereas, increasing the efficiency of the process. This paper aims at comparing some of these techniques on the basis of classification methods and accuracy.[...] Read more.
High level tasks in image analysis and understanding are based on accurate image segmentation which can be accomplished through multilevel thresholding. In this paper, we propose a new method that aims to determine the number of thresholds as well as their values to achieve multilevel thresholding. The method is adaptive as the number of thresholds is not required as a prior knowledge but determined depending on the used image. The main feature of the method is that it combines the fast convergence of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) with the jumping property of simulated annealing to escape from local optima to perform a search in a space the dimensions of which represent the number of thresholds and their values. Only the maximum number of thresholds should be provided and the adopted encoding encompasses a continuous part and a discrete part that are updated through continuous and binary PSO equations. Experiments and comparative results with other multilevel thresholding methods using a number of synthetic and real test images show the efficiency of the proposed method.[...] Read more.
This paper compares the performance of various classifiers for multi class image classification. Where the features are extracted by the proposed algorithm in using Haar wavelet coefficient. The wavelet features are extracted from original texture images and corresponding complementary images. As it is really very difficult to decide which classifier would show better performance for multi class image classification. Hence, this work is an analytical study of performance of various classifiers for the single multiclass classification problem. In this work fifteen textures are taken for classification using Feed Forward Neural Network, Naïve Bays Classifier, K-nearest neighbor Classifier and Cascaded Neural Network.[...] Read more.