Enterprise Architecture: A Tool for IS Strategy Formulation

Full Text (PDF, 265KB), PP.14-23

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


Budoor Salem Edhah 1,* Aasim Zafar 1

1. Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, Department of Information Systems, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijeme.2016.02.02

Received: 20 Nov. 2015 / Revised: 5 Jan. 2016 / Accepted: 9 Feb. 2016 / Published: 8 Mar. 2016

Index Terms

Enterprise architecture, Zachman, The Open Group Architecture Framework TOGAF


Nowadays, many organizations are concerned with how successfully they can formulate an information system (IS) strategy. Have them adopted enterprise architecture, they are concerned of how to activate the business and IS decisions. From a functional perspective, enterprise architecture demonstrates how all information technology elements in an organization, systems, processes and people work together as a whole. Hence, enterprise architecture is an approach of aligning the business area of an organization with the IT area. It has become widely recognized that an enterprise architecture plays a key role in influencing the IS strategy formulation. Strategy formulation in enterprises is a continuous process and it is considered an implicit process that is influenced by a set of factors in which enterprise architecture is a major one. In this paper, we discuss that role that an enterprise architecture plays in influencing the IS strategy formulation.

Cite This Paper

Budoor Salem Edhah, Aasim Zafar,"Enterprise Architecture: A Tool for IS Strategy Formulation", International Journal of Education and Management Engineering(IJEME), Vol.6, No.2, pp.14-23, 2016. DOI: 10.5815/ijeme.2016.02.02


[1]Pettigrew AM. Strategy formulation as a political process. International Studies of Management & Organization 1977; pp. 78-87.

[2]Chen DQ, Mocker M, Preston DS, and Teubner A. Information systems strategy: reconceptualization, measurement, and implications. MIS quarterly, 2010; 34: 233-259.

[3]Leidner DE, Lo J, and Gonzalez E. An Empirical Investigation of is Strategy and is Contribution to Firm Performance. ICIS 2010: p. 2.

[4]Silvius A. Business and IT alignment in context. Utrecht University Repository; 2013.

[5]Weill P, and Ross JW. IT governance: How top performers manage IT decision rights for superior results: Harvard Business Press, 2004.

[6]Ward J, Griffiths PM, Whitmore P. Strategic planning for information systems vol. 28: J. Wiley, 2002.

[7]Zachman J. A framework for information systems architecture. IBM systems journal, 1987; 26: 276-292.

[8]CONGRESS U. Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996," Public Law, pp. 104-106, 1996.

[9]SOURCE E, Malveau R. Bridging the Gap: Business and Software Architecture, Part 2, 2004, Cutter Consortium, ed 2010.

[10]Josey A. TOGAF® Version 9.1 A Pocket Guide: Van Haren, 2011.

[11]Winter R, Fischer R. Essential layers, artifacts, and dependencies of enterprise architecture. Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference Workshops, 2006. EDOCW'06. 10th IEEE International, 2006:30-30.

[12]Braun C, Winter R. A comprehensive enterprise architecture metamodel and its implementation using a metamodeling platform. Desel, Jörg; Frank, Ulrich, 2005: 24-25.

[13]Harrison R. TOGAF version 811 enterprise edition: Van Haren, 2007.

[14]Tamm T, Seddon PB, Shanks G, Reynolds P. How does enterprise architecture add value to organisations. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 2011; 28:141-168.

[15]Laudon KC, Laudon JP. Management information systems: managing the digital firm. New Jersey, vol. 8, 2004.

[16]Schekkerman J. How to survive in the jungle of enterprise architecture frameworks: Creating or choosing an enterprise architecture framework: Trafford Publishing, 2004.

[17]On Enterprise Architecture, "Making Strategy Work with Enterprise Architecture", 2010. Available: https://ingenia.wordpress.com/2010/12/23/making-strategy-work-with-enterprise-architecture/. Accessed Novemeber 5, 2015.

[18]Hrebiniak LG, Making strategy work: Leading effective execution and change: FT Press, 2013.

[19]John W, Joe P. Strategic planning for information systems," West Sussex. John wiley & Sons Ltd, 2002.

[20]Buchanan RD, Soley RM. Aligning enterprise architecture and IT investments with corporate goals.OMG Whitepaper, Object Management Group, Needham, 2002.

[21]Wegmann A. The Systemic Enterprise Architecture Methodology (SEAM). Business and IT Alignment for Competitiveness 2002.

[22]Enterprise Architecture Must Take A Leadership Role In IT Strategy And Service Delivery. Database and network journal 2008; vol 38, Issue 5:p17.

[23]Langenberg K, Wegmann A. Enterprise architecture: What aspects is current research targeting. 2004.

[24]Versteeg G, Bouwman H. Business architecture: A new paradigm to relate business strategy to ICT. Information Systems Frontiers, 2006; 8:91-102.

[25]Iacob ME, Quartel D, Jonkers H. Capturing business strategy and value in enterprise architecture to support portfolio valuation. Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference (EDOC), 2012 IEEE 16th International, 2012; 11-20.

[26]Ross JW. Creating a strategic IT architecture competency: Learning in stages. 2003.

[27]Schafrik F. A practical guide to developing enterprise architecture. 2011. Available: http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/rational/library/enterprise-architecture-maximum-value/#authorN1002B. Accessed November 3, 2015.

[28]Council AST. (2015, October, 23). Enterprise Architecture. Available: http://www.stc.arkansas.gov/ea/Pages/default.aspx

[29]Ross JW, Weill P, Robertson D. Enterprise architecture as strategy: Creating a foundation for business execution. Harvard Business Press, 2006.

[30]Haren V., TOGAF 9 Foundation Study Guide 2011.

[31]TOGAF, The Open Group Architecture Framework.

[32]Haren V. TOGAF Version 9.1 2011.

[33]Gerber A, Kotzé P, Van der Merwe A. Towards the formalisation of the TOGAF Content Metamodel using ontologies, 2010.

[34]Khoualdi K, Basahel A. The Impact of Implementing SAP System on Human Resource Management: Application to Saudi Electricity Company. International Journal of Business and Management, 2014; 9:28,.

[35]SAP. Saudi Arabian Airlines Selects SA. 2007. Available: http://news.sap.com/saudi-arabian-airlines-selects-sap/. Accessed November 8, 2015.

[36]TATA. Airlines Solutions. Available: http://www.tcs.com/industries/travel-transportation-hospitality/airlines/Pages/default.aspx#advantage. Accessed November 3, 2015.

[37]Saha P. Enterprise Architecture for Connected E-Government: Practices and Innovations: Practices and Innovations: IGI Global, 2012.

[38]Bernard SA. An introduction to enterprise architecture. AuthorHouse, 2012.

[39]Armour FJ, Kaisler SH. Enterprise architecture: Agile transition and implementation. IT professional, 2001; 3:30-37.

[40]Kaisler SH, Armour F, Valivullah M. Enterprise architecting: Critical problems. System Sciences 2005. HICSS'05. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Hawaii International Conference on, 2005; 224b-224b.

[41]Shah H, El Kourdi M. Frameworks for enterprise architecture. It Professional, 2007; 9:36-41.