Graphic Design Principles and Theories Application in Rendering Aesthetic and Functional Installations for Improved Environmental Sustainability and Development

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Odji Ebenezer 1,*

1. Federal University of Technology, Akure, 340252,Ondo State, Nigeria

* Corresponding author.


Received: 25 Jul. 2018 / Revised: 3 Sep. 2018 / Accepted: 22 Oct. 2018 / Published: 8 Jan. 2019

Index Terms

Electrical Installations, Graphic Design Theory, Environment, Sustainability, Aesthetics


The basic difference between a sustainable aesthetically positive urban environment and an aesthetically negative one is in the way its component installations are rendered. The aesthetic positivity (AP) or aesthetic negativity (AN) of the whole is dependent on the aesthetics of the little parts that constitute it. Although may be functional, many electrical installations in Nigeria still lack considerable aesthetics mostly due to lack or laxity in the knowledge or practical application of basic design theories and principles. This study therefore examined how the application of design principles and theories used in graphic design can apply in electrical and design installations as a way of fostering a more aesthetic, yet functional and sustainable environments in developing West African countries using aesthetics as a key driver. Adopting a descriptive approach supported with direct observation, with a sample size of 320, respondents were purposively sampled in selected cities in Nigeria. The study showed a significant relationship between the application of graphic design theories and improved environmental aesthetics through the rendering of attractive-functional electrical/design installations. It also revealed that improved aesthetics of electrical/design installations limits negative interference which improves sustainability/safety in the built environment, hence serving as an abatement tool or technology for the alleviation of AN. This study therefore established the significance of the application of design theories and principles in achieving a more aesthetic, functional and sustainable environment, from the professionals’/ practitioners’ perspective.

Cite This Paper

Odji Ebenezer,"Graphic Design Principles and Theories Application in Rendering Aesthetic and Functional Installations for Improved Environmental Sustainability and Development", International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing(IJEM), Vol.9, No.1, pp.21-37, 2019. DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2019.01.03


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