Multi Objective Optimisation of Turning Process Parameters on EN 8 Steel using Grey Relational Analysis

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G. Sridhar 1 G. Venkateswarlu 1,*

1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sree Chaitanya College of Engineering, Karimnagar, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 18 Sep. 2014 / Revised: 15 Oct. 2014 / Accepted: 20 Nov. 2014 / Published: 14 Dec. 2014

Index Terms

Turning, Taguchi method, Grey relational analysis, EN8 steel


The objective of the present paper is to optimize the machining parameters for turning of EN8steel on lathe machine using a combination of Taguchi and Grey Relational Analysis to yield minimum cutting forces and surface roughness. The process parameters such as rotational speed, feed, depth of cut and cutting fluid have been selected. In this study, the experiments were carried out as per Taguchi experimental design and L9 orthogonal array was used. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was also used to find out the most influence of processing parameters on the responses. The regression equations were also established between the process parameters and responses. The results indicate that the depth of cut is the most significant factor affecting the cutting force and surface roughness followed by a feed, speed and cutting fluid.

Cite This Paper

G. Sridhar, G. Venkateswarlu,"Multi Objective Optimisation of Turning Process Parameters on EN 8 Steel using Grey Relational Analysis", IJEM, vol.4, no.4, pp.14-25, 2014. DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2014.04.02


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