Selection of Magnesium Alloy by MADM Methods for Automobile Wheels

Full Text (PDF, 518KB), PP.31-41

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


D.Sameer Kumar 1,* K.N.S.Suman 2

1. Department of Mechanical Engineering , R.V.R. & J.C. College of Engineering , Guntur , INDIA

2. Department of Mechanical Engineering , Andhra University College of Engineering ,Visakhapatnam , INDIA

* Corresponding author.


Received: 7 May 2014 / Revised: 11 Jun. 2014 / Accepted: 24 Jul. 2014 / Published: 26 Aug. 2014

Index Terms

Alloy wheels, Magnesium alloys, Decision making, MADM methods, Material Selection, AHP, TOPSIS, Entropy method


The selection of suitable material plays fundamental and vital role in product development as each material possesses individual characteristics that contribute many aspects to suit the particular application. A wrong selection of materials favours huge cost contribution as well as product failure. Hence among the various available materials the selection of a particular becomes difficult. A better methodology is more and more needed for the selection of material. Multi Attribute Decision Making (MADM) methods based on mathematical models provide a ranking to the different alternatives, there by the decision making become easier. This paper presents the selection of Magnesium alloy material to use in automotive wheel applications using MADM methods. The influence of weighting factors has also been discussed.

Cite This Paper

D.Sameer Kumar, K.N.S.Suman,"Selection of Magnesium Alloy by MADM Methods for Automobile Wheels", IJEM, vol.4, no.2, pp.31-41, 2014. DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2014.02.03


[1]Nicholas Lutsey, “Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology”, UCD-ITS-RR-10-10 , Working Paper Series, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis, May 2010.;origin=repeccitec

[2]E. Aghion, B. Bronfin , H. Friedrich and Z. Rubinovich , “The Environmental Impact Of New Magnesium Alloys On The Transportation Industry”, Magnesium Technology Edited by Alan A. Luo TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society), 2004 , pp:167-172.

[3]Musfirah A.H, Jaharah A.G , “Magnesium and Aluminum Alloys in Automotive Industry” , Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 8(9): 4865-4875, 2012 , ISSN 1819-544X

[4]R. Venkata Rao , “Decsion Making in the Manufacturing Environment using Graph Theory and Fuzzy Multiple attribute Decision Making Methods” ,Springer – Verlag London Limited 2007.

[5]R. V. Rao & J. P. Davim , “A decision-making framework model for material selection using a combined multiple attribute decision-making method” , Int J Adv Manuf Technol (2008) 35: 751–760 DOI 10.1007/s00170-006-0752-7.

[6]Dipali Rai, Goutam Kumar Jha, Prasenjit Chatterjee, Shankar Chakraborty, “Material Selection in Manufacturing Environment Using Compromise Ranking and Regret Theory-based Compromise Ranking Methods: A Comparative Study”, Universal Journal of Materials Science 1(2): 69-77, 2013.

[7]Ali Jahan, Kevin L Edwards, “Multi criteria decision analysis for supporting the selection of Engineering Materials in Product Design”, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013.

[8]BGN Satya Prasad, M Anil kumar, “Topology Optimization of Alloy Wheel”, Altair technology conference, India, 2013, pp: 1-7.

[9]D.Sameer Kumar , S. Radhika , K.N.S. Suman, “ MADM Methods for Finding The Right Personnel in Academic Institutions”, International Journal of u- and e- Service, Science and Technology Vol.6, No.5 (2013), pp.133-144

[10]L. Cizek et al., “ Mechanical Properties of the model casting magenseium alloy AZ91” , 11th international scientific conference – Achievements in Mechanical and materials Engineering , AMME 2002 , pp 47 – 50,

[11]Siobhan Fleming , “ An Overview of Magnesium based Alloys for Aerospace and Automotive Applications “ , A Project report submitted for Master of Engineering In Mechanical Engineering , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute ,Hartford, CT ,August, 2012

[12]Kshitij Dashore, Shashank Singh Pawar, Nagendra Sohani, Devendra Singh Verma, “Product Evaluation Using Entropy and Multi Criteria Decision Making Methods”, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT) - Volume4 Issue5- May 2013 pp : 2183-2187

[13]Farhad Hosseinzadeh Lotfi and Reza Fallahnejad, “Imprecise Shannon’s Entropy and Multi Attribute Decision Making”, Entropy 2010, 12, 53-62; doi:10.3390/e12010053

[14]“Data Sheet of AZ91” ,

[15]“Data Sheet of AZ31”,

[16]“Data Sheet of AM60”,

[17]“Data Sheet of AM50” ,

[18]“Electron ZE41” , Data Sheet 452 A , Magnesium Electron North America Inc.,

[19]Nikhil Gupta, Dung D. Luong and Kyu Cho, “Magnesium Matrix Composite Foams—Density, Mechanical Properties, and Applications”, Metals 2012, 2, 238-252; doi:10.3390/met2030238.

[20]Smithells Light Metals Handbook , Edited by E. A. Brandes and G. B. Brook , Butterworth-Heinemann , Reed Educational and Professional Publishing Ltd 1998.

[21]Information on

[22]Information on