NB-IoT based Status Measurement System for 33kV Power Distribution Networks in Smart Grids

Full Text (PDF, 756KB), PP.37-45

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


M.W.P Maduranga 1,* A.S.B Wijerathna 2

1. Department of Computer Engineering, General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Ratmalana, Sri Lanka.

2. Department of Planning and Development, Ceylon Electricity Board, Gampaha, Sri Lanka.

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijem.2022.04.04

Received: 4 May 2022 / Revised: 27 May 2022 / Accepted: 16 Jun. 2022 / Published: 8 Aug. 2022

Index Terms

IoT for Smart Grids, SCADA, NB-IoT.


In the recent decade, there has been a lot of focus on developing intelligent systems and appliances to suit the century's needs and make life easier. During the same period, the electric power industry introduced Smart-Grid, a crucial innovation to meet today's electric supply-demand and effectively use electric resources. The smart grid is an aspect of the electricity industry's evolution and reformation. An electrical power grid is a complex system consisting of generation, transmission, distribution, storage, and utilization. Coordinating these systems further increases the complexity of this interconnection of systems. The existing power distribution system available in the industry consists of monitoring equipment such as Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition(SCADA) to monitor some network parts. However, there's no automated way of monitoring power outages or load current flow in some sub-sections of the distribution line. Physical inspection is not convenient as it's more time-consuming.Moreover, these sub-sections may have up to ten distribution transformers or even could be more. In this work, A novel IoT-based power line monitoring system has been introduced to overcome those issues. Narrow Band Internet of Things(NB-IoT)  is used in this system as the primary wireless technology. A current sensor measures electrical line currents, and sensor values are pushed to a remote IoT cloud. Implemented system tested in several 33kV power lines and result and performances of the system is presented. 

Cite This Paper

M.W.P Maduranga, A.S.B Wijerathna, "NB-IoT based Status Measurement System for 33kV Power Distribution Networks in Smart Grids", International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing (IJEM), Vol.12, No.4, pp. 37-45, 2022. DOI:10.5815/ijem.2022.04.04


[1]Q. Ou, Y. Zhen, X. Li, Y. Zhang and L. Zeng, "Application of Internet of Things in Smart Grid Power Transmission," 2012 Third FTRA International Conference on Mobile, Ubiquitous, and Intelligent Computing, 2012, pp. 96-100, doi: 10.1109/MUSIC.2012.24.J. Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 3rd ed., vol. 2. Oxford: Clarendon, 1892, pp.68–73.

[2]S. Sidid and S. Gaur, "Smart grid building automation based on Internet of Things," 2017 Innovations in Power and Advanced Computing Technologies (i-PACT), 2017, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/IPACT.2017.8245201.

[3]S. Sarker, M. A. Rakib, S. Islam and S. S. Shafin, "An IoT-based Smart Grid Technology: Bidirectional Power Flow, Smart Energy Metering, and Home Automation," 2021 International Conference on Maintenance and Intelligent Asset Management (ICMIAM), 2021, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ICMIAM54662.2021.9715188.

[4]X. Chen, L. Sun, H. Zhu, Y. Zhen and H. Chen, "Application of Internet of Things in Power-Line Monitoring," 2012 International Conference on Cyber-Enabled Distributed Computing and Knowledge Discovery, 2012, pp. 423-426, doi: 10.1109/CyberC.2012.77.

[5]K. B. Tarase and V. M. Panchade, "Monitoring & Controlling of Substation Using IoT in Distribution Power Grid," 2020 5th International Conference on Devices, Circuits and Systems (ICDCS), 2020, pp. 66-70, doi: 10.1109/ICDCS48716.2020.243550.

[6]R. J. Tom and S. Sankaranarayanan, "IoT based SCADA integrated with Fog for power distribution automation," 2017 12th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (CISTI), 2017, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.23919/CISTI.2017.7975732.

[7]T. S. Hsu et al., "An IoT-based Sag Monitoring System for Overhead Transmission Lines," 2019 IEEE PES GTD Grand International Conference and Exposition Asia (GTD Asia), 2019, pp. 515-519, doi: 10.1109/GTDAsia.2019.8715975.

[8]S. Quincozes, T. Emilio and J. Kazienko, "MQTT Protocol: Fundamentals, Tools and Future Directions," in IEEE Latin America Transactions, vol. 17, no. 09, pp. 1439-1448, September 2019, doi: 10.1109/TLA.2019.8931137.

[9]G. S. Bhuyan, "Condition based serviceability and reliability assessment of wood pole structures," in Transmission & Distribution Construction, Operation & Live-Line Maintenance Proceedings. IEEE, 1998, pp. 333– 339. R. E. H

[10]L. M. Ionescu, A. Mazare, M. Oproescu, I. Lita, G. Serban and B. Nadia, "Electricity consumption measurement system for detecting losses occurring in power transmission networks," 2017 9th International Conference on Electronics, Computers and Artificial Intelligence (ECAI), 2017, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/ECAI.2017.8166469.

[11]E. M. Migabo, K. D. Djouani and A. M. Kurien, "The Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) Resources Management Performance State of Art, Challenges, and Opportunities," in IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 97658-97675, 2020, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2995938.

[12]M.W.P Maduranga, J.P.D.M Sithara, " Real-Time Animal Location Estimation Using Wearable Sensors and Cellular Mobile Networks.", International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies (IJWMT), Vol.12, No.3, pp. 61-68, 2022.DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2022.03.05. 

[13]I.D.M.S Rupasinghe, M.W.P Maduranga, "Towards Ambient Assisted Living (AAL): Design of an IoTbased Elderly Activity Monitoring System ", International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing (IJEM), Vol.12, No.2, pp. 1-10,2022. DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2022.02.01.

[14]M.W.P Maduranga, Ruvan Abeysekera, "Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and Feed Forward Neural Network (FFNN) Based Indoor Positioning for Location-based IoT Applications", International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies (IJWMT), Vol.12, No.2, pp. 33-39, 2022.DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2022.02.03.

[15]Y. Hu and H. Liu, "Design of Management System for LiFePO4 Power Batteries Group," 2010 International Conference on Electrical and Control Engineering, 2010, pp. 5110-5113, doi: 10.1109/iCECE.2010.1237.

[16]Z. Zhao et al., "Measurements and Calculation of Core-Based $B-H$ Curve and Magnetizing Current in DC-Biased Transformers," in IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 1131-1134, June 2010, doi: 10.1109/TASC.2010.2041211.

[17]D. Herceg, K. Kasaš-Lažetić, D. Antić, J. Bjelica and M. Prša, "Application of current transformer for normal magnetization curve determination," 2016 International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (INDEL), 2016, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/INDEL.2016.7797816.

[18]H. Zhang and A. A. Arkadan, "B–H Curve-Based Model for CT Error Evaluation," in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 1-4, June 2019, Art no. 8001204, doi: 10.1109/TMAG.2019.2900010.

[19]Jae-Jo Lee, Sungsoo Choi, Sugoog Shon, Hyo Suk Kim, Dong Seok In and J. -S. Park, "Analysis of impedance characteristics of MV power distribution line for BPLC," 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and Its Applications, 2008, pp. 24-29, doi: 10.1109/ISPLC.2008.4510393.

[20]J. Mesquita, D. Guimarães, C. Pereira, F. Santos and L. Almeida, "Assessing the ESP8266 WiFi module for the Internet of Things," 2018 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA), 2018, pp. 784-791, doi: 10.1109/ETFA.2018.8502562.

[21]S. P. Makhanya, E. M. Dogo, N. I. Nwulu and U. Damisa, "A Smart Switch Control System Using ESP8266 Wi-Fi Module Integrated with an Android Application," 2019 IEEE 7th International Conference on Smart Energy Grid Engineering (SEGE), 2019, pp. 125-128, doi: 10.1109/SEGE.2019.8859904.

[22]P. Srivastava, M. Bajaj and A. S. Rana, "Overview of ESP8266 Wi-Fi module based Smart Irrigation System using IOT," 2018 Fourth International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronics, Information, Communication and Bio-Informatics (AEEICB), 2018, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/AEEICB.2018.8480949.

[23]D. Bastos, "Cloud for IoT — A survey of technologies and security features of public cloud IoT solutions," Living in the Internet of Things (IoT 2019), 2019, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1049/cp.2019.0168.

[24]M. r. BOUAKOUK, A. ABDELLI and L. MOKDAD, "Survey on the Cloud-IoT paradigms: Taxonomy and architectures," 2020 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC), 2020, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ISCC50000.2020.9219638.

[25]S. Qabil, U. Waheed, S. M. Awan, Y. Mansoor and M. A. Khan, "A Survey on Emerging Integration of Cloud Computing and Internet of Things," 2019 International Conference on Information Science and Communication Technology (ICISCT), 2019, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.1109/CISCT.2019.8777438.