Improvement in Geotechnical Properties of Expansive Soil Using Various Stabilizers: A Review

Full Text (PDF, 132KB), PP.18-27

Views: 0 Downloads: 0


Goutham D.R. 1,* A.J.Krishnaiah 1

1. Department of Civil Engineering, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Technology, Chikkamagaluru-577102, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 13 Jul. 2020 / Revised: 14 Aug. 2020 / Accepted: 7 Sep. 2020 / Published: 8 Oct. 2020

Index Terms

Expansive soil, stabilization, basic geotechnical properties, unconfined compressive strength test


Expansive soils are the soils that expand when comes in contact with water and shrinks when the water within them gets evaporates. These soil are treated as problematic soils for various construction activities hence there is an essential to improve its strength against load effects and also to alter their behaviour against moisture conditions. This review aimed to study the behaviour of expansive soil stabilized using various natural and industrial processed materials such as cement, polymer, lime, rice husk ash, stone dust, fly ash, coir fiber and its pith, jute, bagasse ash and ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS). The paper covers the discussion on experimental test results of black cotton soil conducted by various researchers. The tests being basic geotechnical properties, maximum dry density and optimum moisture content, unconfined compressive strength test (UCS), California bearing ratio (CBR), etc., are presented.

Cite This Paper

Goutham D.R., A.J.Krishnaiah, " Improvement In Geotechnical Properties Of Expansive Soil Using Various Stabilizers: A Review ", International Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing (IJEM), Vol.10, No.5, pp.18-27, 2020. DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2020.05.02


[1]Vijay Rajoria, Suneet Kaur (2015) “Effect of polymer stabilizer on the geotechnical properties of black cotton soil”, 50th Indian Geotechnical Conference.

[2]Nadgouda K.A., Hegde R.A. (2010) “The Effect of Lime Stabilization on Properties of Black Cotton Soil”, Indian Geotechnical Conference, pp. 511-514.

[3]Sabat Akshaya Kumar, Pati Subasis, Mohapatro B.G. (2010) “Effect of Fiber on Properties of Rice Husk Ash-Lime Stabilized Soil”, Indian Geotechnical Conference, pp. 373-376.

[4]Ankur Mudgal, Raju Sarkar, A.K.Sahu (2014) “Effect of lime and stone dust in the geotechnical properties of black cotton soil”, Int.J.of GEOMATE, Vol. 7, pp. 1033-1039.

[5]Laxmikant Yadu, Rajesh Kumar Tripathi, Dharamveer Singh (2011) “Comparison of Fly Ash and Rice Husk Ash Stabilized Black Cotton Soil”, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Vol. 4, pp. 42-45.

[6]P.K.Jayasree, Balan K., Leema Peter, Nisha K.K. (2015) “Shrinkage Characteristics of Expansive Soil Treated with Coir Waste”, Indian Geotech J, pp. 360-367,

[7]Wang Yixian, Guo Panpan, Shan Shengbiao, Yuan Haiping, Yuan Binxiang (2016) “Study on Strength Influence Mechanism of Fiber-Reinforced Expansive Soil Using Jute”, Geotech Geol Eng, DOI 10.1007/s10706-016-0028-4.

[8]Sejal P.Dalal, Riddhi Patel, Dalal P.D. (2016) “Effect on Engineering Properties of Black Cotton Soil treated with Agricultural and Industrial waste”, International Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering and Material Sciences, pp. 9640-9644.

[9]Leema Peter, P.K.Jayasree, Balan K., Alaka Raj S. (2014) “Laboratory Investigation In The Improvement Of Subgrade Characteristics Of Expansive Soil Stabilised With Coir Waste”, 11th Transportation Planning and Implementation Methodologies for Developing Countries, pp. 558-566.

[10]Erdal Cokca, Veysel Yazici, Vehbi Ozaydin (2008) “Stabilization of Expansive Clays Using Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GBFS) and GBFS-Cement”, Geotech Geol Eng, DOI 10.1007/s10706-008-9250-z.

[11]Anil Pandey, Ahsan Rabbani (2017) “Soil Stabilisation using Cement”, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, Vol. 8, pp. 316-322.

[12]Leonardo Behak (2017) “Soil Stabilization with Rice Husk Ash”, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/66311

[13]Arpitha I.V.Gowda, Guruprasada M.D., Manoj S., Manu S., Nagaraj K., Goutham D.R. (2019) “Experimental Investigation on Expansive Soil Stabilized Using Bagasse Ash”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 8, pp. 6728-6733.

[14]Anjan Patel (2019) “Geotechnical Investigations and Improvement of Ground Conditions”, Woodhead Publishing,

[15]Sukrit Garg, Veena U., (2016) “Analysis of Strength Properties of Sandy Soil stabilized with Sugarcane Bagasse Ash”, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Vol. 5, pp. 767-769.

[16]G.L.Shivkumar Babu, A.K.Vasudevan, M.K.Sayida (2008) “Use of Coir Fibers for Improving the Engineering Properties of Expansive Soils”, Journal of Natural Fibers,

[17]Soosan T.G., Sridharan A., Jose B.T., Abraham B.M. (2005) “Utilization of quarry dust to improve the geotechnical properties of soils in highway construction”, Geotech Test J.,

[18]Chijioke Christopher Ikeagwuani, Donald Chimobi Nwonu (2019) “Emerging trends in expansive soil stabilization: A review”, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering,

[19]Habiba Afrin (2017) “A Review on Different Types Soil Stabilization Techniques”, International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology, Vol. 3, pp. 19-24.  

[20]Aghileh Khajeh, Reza Jamshidi Chenari, Meghdad Payan (2019) “A Simple Review of Cemented Non-conventional Materials: Soil Composites”, Geotech Geol Eng,

[21]Fazal E.Jalal , Yongfu Xu , Babak Jamhiri , Shazim Ali Memon (2020) “On the Recent Trends in Expansive Soil Stabilization Using Calcium-Based Stabilizer Materials (CSMs): A Comprehensive Review”, Advances in Materials Science and Engineering,

[22]Aref al Swaidani, Ibrahim Hammoud, Ayman Meziab (2016) “Effect of adding natural pozzolana on geotechnical properties of lime-stabilized clayey soil”, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 

[23]Dina A.Emarah, Safwat A.Seleem (2017) “Swelling soils treatment using lime and sea water for roads construction”, Alexandria Engineering Journal,