The Impact of Organizational Slack on The Performance of Pharmaceutical and Chemical Firms

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Heping Zhong 1,*

1. School of Economics and Management, Xuchang University, Xuchang, China

* Corresponding author.


Received: 26 Aug. 2011 / Revised: 22 Sep. 2011 / Accepted: 27 Oct. 2011 / Published: 5 Dec. 2011

Index Terms

Pharmaceutical and chemical firm, organizational slack, performance, pharmaceutical and chemical industry, pharmaceutical and chemical firm management, inverse N-shaped curve, software application, empirical analysis


The purpose of this paper is to attempt to reconcile previous views of the relationship between organizational slack and performance through examining the impact of organizational slack on the performance of pharmaceutical and chemical firms by using empirical analysis based on the data get from 47 firms in Henan Province. The result shows that the relationship between organizational slack and the performance of pharmaceutical and chemical firms is inverse N-shaped. The results broadly demonstrate that relationships differ based on industry circumstances and organizational slack. Additionally, this study is the first to empirically identify an inverse N-shaped relationship between slack and performance, indicating that, in certain industry circumstances, little and much slack is bad for performance. Overall, results highlight the importance of additional research into intervening factors impacting the slack–performance relationship.

Cite This Paper

Heping Zhong,"The Impact of Organizational Slack on The Performance of Pharmaceutical and Chemical Firms", IJEM, vol.1, no.6, pp.1-7, 2011. DOI: 10.5815/ijem.2011.06.01 


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