A Classification Framework for Context-aware Mobile Learning Systems

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Richard A.W. Tortorella 1,* Kinshuk 2 Nian-Shing Chen 3 Sabine Graf 4

1. School of Computing, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, FIN-80101, Finland

2. College of Information, University of North Texas, Denton, 76203-5017, USA

3. National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, 80424, Taiwan

4. School of Computing and Information Systems, Athabasca University, Edmonton, T5J3S8, Canada

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2017.07.01

Received: 5 Mar. 2017 / Revised: 12 Apr. 2017 / Accepted: 28 May 2017 / Published: 8 Jul. 2017

Index Terms

Context-aware learning system, mobile learning, adaptive learning, classification framework, ubiquitous learning, context-awareness


The field of context awareness is ever increasing due to the proliferation and omnipresent nature of mobile computing devices. Not only is learning becoming ubiquitous, but the sensors in mobile devices are permitting learning systems to adapt to the context of the learners. This paper provides a classification framework for the field of context-aware mobile learning, which is applied to papers published within selected journals from January 2009 to December 2015 inclusive. Obtained from the combined fields of context awareness and educational technology, a total of 2,968 papers are reviewed, resulting in 41 papers being selected for inclusion in this study. The classification framework consists of three layers: hardware architecture layer, context architecture layer and an evaluation layer. The framework will allow researchers and practitioners to quickly and accurately summarize the status of the current field of context-aware mobile learning. Furthermore, it has the potential to aid in future system development and decision making processes by showing the direction of the field as well as viable existing methods of system design and implementation.

Cite This Paper

Richard A.W. Tortorella, Kinshuk, Nian-Shing Chen, Sabine Graf, "A Classification Framework for Context-aware Mobile Learning Systems", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.9, No.7, pp.1-11, 2017. DOI:10.5815/ijmecs.2017.07.01


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