Unveiling Teachers’ Views on the use of Project-Based Learning: An Epistemic Network Analysis Approach

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Sariya Binsaleh 1 Wannisa Matcha 1,*

1. Faculty of Communication Sciences, Prince of Songkla University Pattani Campus, Pattani, 94000, Thailand

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2024.02.01

Received: 2 May 2023 / Revised: 2 Jul. 2023 / Accepted: 1 Aug. 2023 / Published: 8 Apr. 2024

Index Terms

Educational data mining, network analysis, teacher role, primary school, opinion mining, sequence mining


The role of teachers in facilitating learning is undoubtedly important as they are responsible for selecting appropriate instructional approaches. Project-Based learning (PrBL) has gained recognition as an effective teaching approach as it encourages students to think critically, collaboratively, and systematically. PrBL refers to an educational approach that emphasizes student engagement and active learning through the completion of real-world projects. Students are required to acquire information, search, and experiment to solve a specific problem. PrBL is largely adopted by the higher educational level. Limited use in primary schools has been highlighted by much research. The decision to adopt such a method depends on several factors. The main drivers to make such a decision are the teachers’ preference and the readiness for support from the school. The location of the school largely contributes to the readiness, facilities, support, and quality of education. This paper examines the teachers’ point of view on the utilization of PrBL. Comparing the points of view of the teachers who taught in different locations allows us to observe the factors that should be carefully addressed in order to promote the use of PrBL in primary schools. By using both qualitative and quantitative data, this study aims to understand the potential drawbacks preventing from using the PrBL. The data mining techniques were used to discover insights from both types of data including Epistemic Network Analysis (ENA) and sequence mining. ENA employs various mathematical and statistical techniques to analyze and visualize the network structure and dynamics. It can measure the strength of connections, identify central key concepts, and compare the differences in the structure between groups. Sequence mining allows us to observe the pattern of PrBL utilization. The results showed that even though teachers viewed PrBL as a useful approach, not many of them are using it. Also, there are some inconsistencies of knowledge on the steps in the PrBL process. Additionally, teachers often mentioned several problems they faced when using the PrBL. Hence, extra support and knowledge provision are needed, especially for schools located in suburban and rural areas.

Cite This Paper

Sariya Binsaleh, Wannisa Matcha, "Unveiling Teachers’ Views on the use of Project-based Learning: An Epistemic Network Analysis Approach", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.16, No.2, pp. 1-15, 2024. DOI:10.5815/ijmecs.2024.02.01


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