Dynamic Load Balancing in Cloud Computing: A Convergence of PSO, GSA, and Fuzzy Logic within a Hybridized Metaheuristic Framework

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Rajgopal K T 1 Abhishek S. Rao 2,* Ramaprasad Poojary 3 Deepak D 2

1. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Canara Engineering College, Benjanapadavu, Karnataka, India

2. Department of Information Science and Engineering, Nitte (Deemed to be University), NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte, Karnataka, India

3. School of Engineering & IT, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Dubai Campus, Dubai, UAE

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2023.06.04

Received: 14 May 2023 / Revised: 24 Aug. 2023 / Accepted: 13 Sep. 2023 / Published: 8 Dec. 2023

Index Terms

Cloud Computing, Fuzzy Logic, Gravitational Search Algorithm, Load Balancing, NP-hard problem, Particle Swarm Optimization


In the recent era, there has been a significant surge in the demand for cloud computing due to its versatile applications in real-time situations. Cloud computing efficiently tackles extensive computing challenges, providing a cost-effective and energy-efficient solution for cloud service providers (CSPs). However, the surge in task requests has led to an overload on cloud servers, resulting in performance degradation. To address this problem, load balancing has emerged as a favorable approach, wherein incoming tasks are allocated to the most appropriate virtual machine (VM) according to their specific needs. However, finding the optimal VM poses a challenge as it is considered a difficult problem known as NP-hard. To address this challenge, current research has widely adopted meta-heuristic approaches for solving NP-hard problems. This research introduces a novel hybrid optimization approach, integrating the particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) to handle optimization, the gravitational search algorithm (GSA) to improve the search process, and leveraging fuzzy logic to create an effective rule for selecting virtual machines (VMs) efficiently. The integration of PSO and GSA results in a streamlined process for updating particle velocity and position, while the utilization of fuzzy logic assists in discerning the optimal solution for individual tasks. We assess the efficacy of our suggested method by gauging its performance through various metrics, including throughput, makespan, and execution time. In terms of performance, the suggested method demonstrates commendable performance, with average load, turnaround time, and response time measuring at 0.168, 18.20 milliseconds, and 11.26 milliseconds, respectively. Furthermore, the proposed method achieves an average makespan of 92.5 milliseconds and average throughput performance of 85.75. The performance of the intended method is improved by 90.5%, 64.9%, 36.11%, 24.72%, 18.27%, 11.36%, and 5.21 in comparison to the existing techniques. The results demonstrate the efficacy of this approach through significant improvements in execution time, CPU utilization, makespan, and throughput, providing a valuable contribution to the field of cloud computing load balancing.

Cite This Paper

Rajgopal K T, Abhishek S. Rao, Ramaprasad Poojary, Deepak D, "Dynamic Load Balancing in Cloud Computing: A Convergence of PSO, GSA, and Fuzzy Logic within a Hybridized Metaheuristic Framework", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.15, No.6, pp. 44-55, 2023. DOI:10.5815/ijmecs.2023.06.04


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