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Interaction, Orbits, Earth’s Axis, Evolution, Insolation, Climate, Ice Ages
The paper considers various aspects of the interaction and movement of bodies. The stability of the Solar system by the example of the evolution of the Mars orbit for 100 million years is shown. The optimal motion of the spacecraft to the vicinity of the Sun is considered. The results of an exact solution to the problem of the interaction of N bodies, which form a rotating structure, are presented. It is shown the evolution of two asteroids: Apophis and 1950DA, as well as ways to transform them into Earth satellites. The cause of the excess rotation of the Mercury perihelion is explained. The examples of the simulation of globular star clusters are given. As a result of the interaction of the bodies of the Solar System, the parameters of the orbital and rotational motions of the Earth change. This change leads to a change in the distribution of solar heat over the surface of the Earth. In contrast to the works of previous authors, a new understanding of the evolution of the orbital and rotational motions of the Earth has been obtained. In particular, it has been established that the Earth's orbit and its axis of rotation precess relative to different directions in space. The paper compares the distribution of the amount of the solar heat, i.e. insolation, on the surface of the Earth in different epochs. The insolation periods of climate change are shown. They coincide with the known changes of the paleoclimate. The changes in insolation for different time intervals, including for 20 million years ago, are given. Changes in insolation in the contemporary epoch and in the next million years are also shown. Sunrises and sunsets are also evolving. The duration of the polar days and nights in different epochs is given in the distribution by latitude. The paper popularly acquaints readers with the latest scientific results and is useful for students and graduate students to choose topics for their term papers and dissertations.
Joseph J. Smulsky, " Computing the Bodies Motions in the Space and Long-term Changes in the Earth's Climate", International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science(IJMECS), Vol.11, No.12, pp. 29-46, 2019. DOI:10.5815/ijmecs.2019.12.04
Smulsky, J.J. Future Space Problems and Their Solutions. Nova Science Publishers, New York, 2018 ,269 p. ISBN: 978-1-53613-739-2. http://www.ikz.ru/~smulski/Papers/InfFSPS.pdf.
Smulsky, J.J. New Astronomical Theory of Ice Ages. “LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing”, Riga, Latvia, 2018, 132 p. ISBN 978-613-9-86853-7. http://www.ikz.ru/~smulski/Papers/InfNwATLPEn.pdf. (In Russian).
Smulsky, J.J. Advances in Mechanics and Outlook for Future Mankind Progress. International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science (IJMECS), 2017, Vol. 9, No. 1, 15-25. http://www.mecs-press.org/ijmecs/ijmecs-v9-n1/IJMECS-V9-N1-2.pdf.
Smulsky, J.J. The Theory of Interaction. Novosibirsk: Publishing house of Novosibirsk University, Scientific Publishing Center of United Institute of Geology and Geophysics Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 1999, 294 p. http://www.ikz.ru/~smulski/TVfulA5_2.pdf. (In Russian).
Smulsky, J.J. Galactica Software for Solving Gravitational Interaction Problems. Applied Physics Research, 2012, Vol. 4, No. 2, 110-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/apr.v4n2p110.
Smulsky, J.J. The System of Free Access Galactica to Compute Interactions of N-Bodies. I. J. Modern Education and Computer Science, 2012, 11, 1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2012.11.01
Smulsky, J.J. The Axisymmetrical Problem of Gravitational Interaction of N-bodies. Mathematical modeling, 2003, Vol. 15, No 5, 27-36. (In Russian).
Smulsky J.J., 2015. Exact Solution to the Problem of N Bodies Forming a Multi-layer Rotating Structure. SpringerPlus, 4:361, 1-16, DOI: 10.1186/s40064-015-1141-1, URL: http://www.springerplus.com/content/4/1/361.
Smulsky, J.J. Optimization of Passive Orbit with the Use of Gravity Maneuver. Cosmic Research, 2008, Vol. 46, No. 5, 456–464. http://www.ikz.ru/~smulski/Papers/COSR456.PDF.
Smulsky, J.J. New Components of the Mercury's Perihelion Precession. Natural Science, 2011, Vol. 3, No.4, 268-274. doi:10.4236/ns.2011.34034. http://www.scirp.org/journal/ns.
Smulsky, J.J. The Influence of the Planets, Sun and Moon on the Evolution of the Earth’s Axis. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2011, Vol. 1, Issue 3, 117-134. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijaa.2011.13017.
Smulsky, J.J. Fundamental principles and results of a new astronomic theory of climate change. Advances in Astrophysics, 2016, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1–21. http://www.isaacpub.org, http://www.isaacpub.org/Journal/AdAp.
Melnikov, V.P. and Smulsky, J.J. Astronomical theory of ice ages: New approximations. Solutions and challenges. Novosibirsk: Academic Publishing House, 2009. http://www.ikz.ru/~smulski/Papers/AsThAnE.pdf.
Grebenikov, E.A. and Smulsky, J.J. Evolution of the Mars Orbit on Time Span in Hundred Millions Years. Reports on Applied Mathematics. Russian Academy of Sciences: A.A. Dorodnitsyn Computing Center. Moscow. 2007, 63 p. http://www.ikz.ru/~smulski/Papers/EvMa100m4t2.pdf. (In Russian).
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Smulsky, J. J. and Smulsky, Ya. J. Dynamic Problems of the Planets and Asteroids, and Their Discussion, International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2012, Vol. 2, No. 3, 129-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ijaa.2012.23018.
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Zharov, V.E. Review of the monograph of J.J. Smulsky "New Astronomical Theory of the Ice Ages" (Riga, Latvia, Lambert Academic Publishing, 2018). Earth's Cryosphere, 2019, Vol. 23, No. 3 (95), 79-81. DOI: 10.21782/KZ1560-7496-2019-3(79-81). [In Russian].
Smulsky, J.J., Fundamental principles and results of a new astronomic theory of climate change. Advances in Astrophysics., 2016, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1–21. http://www.isaacpub.org/Journal/AdAp.
Smulsky, J.J. New results on the Earth insolation and their correlation with the Late Pleistocene paleoclimate of West Siberia. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 2016, No. 57, 1099-1110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rgg.2016.06.009.
Smulsky, J.J. Evolution of the Earth’s axis and paleoclimate for 200,000 years. Saarbrucken, GR: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. 2016, 228 p. ISBN 978-3-659-95633-1. http://www.ikz.ru/~smulski/Papers/InfEvEAPC02MEn.pdf. (In Russian).
Smul’skii, I.I. Analyzing the lessons of the development of the orbital theory of the paleoclimate. Her. Russ. Acad. Sci., 2013, No. 83 (1), 46–54.
Laskar, J., Robutel, P., Joutel, F., Gastineau, M., Correia, A.C.M. and Levrard, B. A Long-term numerical solution for the insolation quantities of the Earth. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2004, Vol. 428, No. 1, 261–285.
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Smulsky, J.J. The Phenomena of the Sun in the Historical Perspective. Institute of Earth's Cryosphere SB RAS. Tyumen. Deposited in VINITI RAS 11.01.2016, 9-V2016, 2016, 66 p. [In Russian]. http://www.ikz.ru/~smulski/Papers/SunPhnmen.pdf.
Smulsky, J.J. The Sun’s Movement in the Sky Now and in the Past. Open Access Library Journal, 2018, 5, e4250. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1104250.