IJIGSP Vol. 11, No. 8, Aug. 2019
Cover page and Table of Contents: PDF (size: 715KB)
In this paper, an efficient approach has been proposed to localize every clearly visible object or region of object from an image, using less memory and computing power. For object detection we have processed every input image to overcome several complexities, which are the main limitations to achieve better result, such as overlap between multiple objects, noise in the image background, poor resolution etc. We have also implemented an improved Convolutional Neural Network based classification or recognition algorithm which has proved to provide better performance than baseline works. Combining these two detection and recognition approaches, we have developed a competent multi-class Fruit Detection and Recognition (FDR) model that is very proficient regardless of different limitations such as high and poor image quality, complex background or lightening condition, different fruits of same shape and color, multiple overlapped fruits, existence of non-fruit object in the image and the variety in size, shape, angel and feature of fruit. This proposed FDR model is also capable of detecting every single fruit separately from a set of overlapping fruits. Another major contribution of our FDR model is that it is not a dataset oriented model which works better on only a particular dataset as it has been proved to provide better performance while applying on both real world images (e.g., our own dataset) and several states of art datasets. Nevertheless, taking a number of challenges into consideration, our proposed model is capable of detecting and recognizing fruits from image with a better accuracy and average precision rate of about 0.9875.[...] Read more.
Fifth generation (5G) mobile networks demand large bandwidth with the explosive growth of data driven applications. This necessitates enormous amount of spectrum in the Millimeter wave (mmWave) bands to greatly enhance the communication capacity. The mmWave band offers the potential for high-bandwidth communication channels in cellular networks. Relative to conventional networks, dense mmWave networks can achieve both higher data rates and comparable coverage. The paper presents the performance analysis of mobile networks in terms of propagation path loss, coverage probability and data rates for different mm wave operating frequencies of 28GHz and 73GHz. A scenario of multi-users in a micro cell is considered in different environments i.e. rural, sub urban and urban regions and the performance parameters in each case are analyzed. Millimeter wave cellular networks at 28GHz offer less rain attenuation compared to 73GHz and is useful for next generation communications with enhanced data rates and coverage.[...] Read more.
In scientific fields, solving large and complex computational problems using central processing units (CPU) alone is not enough to meet the computation requirement. In this work we have considered a homogenous cluster in which each nodes consists of same capability of CPU and graphical processing unit (GPU). Normally CPU are used for control GPU and to transfer data from CPU to GPUs. Here we are considering CPU computation power with GPU to compute high performance computing (HPC) applications. The framework adopts pinned memory technique to overcome the overhead of data transfer between CPU and GPU. To enable the homogeneous platform we have considered hybrid [message passing interface (MPI), OpenMP (open multi-processing), Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA)] programming model strategy. The key challenge on the homogeneous platform is allocation of workload among CPU and GPU cores. To address this challenge we have proposed a novel analytical workload division strategy to predict an effective workload division between the CPU and GPU. We have observed that using our hybrid programming model and workload division strategy, an average performance improvement of 76.06% and 84.11% in Giga floating point operations per seconds(GFLOPs) on NVIDIA TESLA M2075 cluster and NVIDIA QUADRO K 2000 nodes of a cluster respectively for N-dynamic vector addition when compared with Simplice Donfack et.al  performance models. Also using pinned memory technique with hybrid programming model an average performance improvement of 33.83% and 39.00% on NVIDIA TESLA M2075 and NVIDIA QUADRO K 2000 respectively is observed for saxpy applications when compared with pagable memory technique.[...] Read more.
Audio imaging can play a fundamental role in computer vision, in particular in automated surveillance, boosting the accuracy of current systems based on standard optical cameras. We present here a method for object tracking application that fuses visual image with an audio image in the template-matching framework. Firstly, an improved template matching based tracking is presented that takes care of the chaotic movements in the template-matching algorithm. Then a fusion scheme is presented that makes use of deviations in the correlation scores pattern obtained across the individual frame in each imaging domain. The method is compared with various state of art trackers that perform track estimation using only visible imagery. Results highlight a significant improvement in the object tracking by the assistance of audio imaging using the proposed method under severe challenging vision conditions such as occlusions, object shape deformations, the presence of clutters and camouflage, etc.[...] Read more.
Day by day, the advancement in sensor technology is increasing which is used for image acquisition. Different sensors can acquire the information of different wavelength. These sensors are not able to capture the complete information from the scene. Thus it is necessary to combine the images from different sensors to produce more informative image. Image fusion is the process of combing the information from input images. According to the application or need, image fusion technique can be used. Number of techniques with varieties of solutions is available for image fusion process. And thus it becomes difficult task to find an optimal solution for image fusion. Genetic algorithm is an optimization technique used for searching solution for large number of complex problems . This paper gives the quality index of image fusion obtained using the combinations of different selection methods and crossover techniques in genetic algorithm. These techniques have been compared using root mean square error to obtain information about relative performance. The experimental result on some standard test images shows that performance parameters i.e. root mean square error (RMSE) and peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) are good for multifocus and multisensor image fusion.[...] Read more.
Image Inpainting is a system used to fill lost information in an image in a visually believable manner so that it seems original to the human eye. Several algorithms are developed in the past which tend to blur the inpainted image. In this paper, we present an algorithm that improves the performance of patch based image inpainting by using adaptive patch size and sequencing of the priority terms. The patch width (wxw) is made adaptive (proportional) to the area of the damaged region and inversely proportional to standard deviation of the known values in the patch around point of highest priority. If the neighbourhood region is a smooth region then standard deviation is small therefore large patch size is used and if standard deviation is large patch size is small. The algorithm is tested for various input images and compared with some standard algorithm to evaluate its performance. Results show that the time required for inpainting is drastically reduced while the quality factor is maintained equivalent to the existing techniques.[...] Read more.