Cyclic Analysis of Phonocardiogram Signals

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A.Choklati 1,* Khalid SABRI 1 M. Lahlimi 1

1. STIC laboratory, Faculty of sciences, University Chouaib Doukkali, El Jadida, Morocco

* Corresponding author.


Received: 14 Apr. 2017 / Revised: 22 Jun. 2017 / Accepted: 1 Aug. 2017 / Published: 8 Oct. 2017

Index Terms

Heart sound, phonocardiogram modeling, cyclostationarity, cyclic statistics, Gabor kernel, heart diseases


Acoustic vibrations of the heart in time domain correspond to phonocardiogram (PCG) signal. A PCG signal, in the healthy case, consists of two fundamental sounds s1 and s2 produced by the mechanical functioning of the heart. Abnormalities in the heart valves correspond to other cardiac sounds than s1 and s2. This makes PCG signal a valuable tool related to the track of heart diseases. Actually, the characterization and the analysis of PCG signals is being a fertile area of study and investigation. However, most of the topics which treated this area of research focused only on time-frequency analysis, without exploiting the periodic character of PCG signal due to the limitations of the PCG modeling. In this work, we propose a coherent mathematical model for PCG signals based on cyclostationarity and Gabor kernel. The motivation behind is to define a framework, utilizing cyclic statistic due to noise robustness, for a full description of PCG signals, which leads to an easy and efficient early identification of certain heart abnormalities. The validation of the proposed model and its capacity to reflect the heart functioning is tested over synthetic and real data sets.

Cite This Paper

A.Choklati, K. Sabri, M. Lahlimi," Cyclic Analysis of Phonocardiogram Signals", International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP), Vol.9, No.10, pp.1-11, 2017. DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2017.10.01


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