Efficient Global and Region Content Based Image Retrieval

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Ibrahim S. I. Abuhaiba 1,* Ruba A. Salamah 1

1. Computer Engineering Department, Islamic University, Gaza, Palestine

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2012.05.05

Received: 8 Feb. 2012 / Revised: 5 Apr. 2012 / Accepted: 15 May 2012 / Published: 8 Jun. 2012

Index Terms

Content based image retrieval, Region based features, Global based features, Texture, Color, Gabor filter, Self organizing map


In this paper, we present an efficient content based image retrieval system that uses texture and color as visual features to describe the image and its segmented regions. Our contribution is of three directions. First, we use Gabor filters to extract texture features from the whole image or arbitrary shaped regions extracted from it after segmentation. Second, to speed up retrieval, the database images are segmented and the extracted regions are clustered according to their feature vectors using Self Organizing Map (SOM). This process is performed offline before query processing; therefore to answer a query, our system does not need to search the entire database images. Third, to further increase the retrieval accuracy of our system, we combine the region features with global features to obtain a more efficient system.
The experimental evaluation of the system is based on a 1000 COREL color image database. From experimentation, it is evident that our system performs significantly better and faster compared with other existing systems. We provide a comparison between retrieval results based on features extracted from the whole image, and features extracted from image regions. The results demonstrate that a combination of global and region based approaches gives better retrieval results for almost all semantic classes.

Cite This Paper

Ibrahim S. I. Abuhaiba,Ruba A. A. Salamah,"Efficient Global and Region Content Based Image Retrieval", IJIGSP,vol.4,no.5,pp.38-46,2012. DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2012.05.05 


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