COVID-19 and Malaria Parasite Detection and Classification by Bins Approach with Statistical Moments Using Machine Learning

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Hrishikesh Telang 1 Kavita Sonawane 2,*

1. Syracuse School of Information Studies/Information Systems, Syracuse, 13244, United States

2. St. Francis Institute of Technology/Computer Engineering, Mumbai, 400103, India

* Corresponding author.


Received: 17 Jul. 2022 / Revised: 12 Aug. 2022 / Accepted: 2 Sep. 2022 / Published: 8 Jun. 2023

Index Terms

Index, 8 bins approach, malaria, COVID-19, statistical moments, accuracy, precision, recall, ROC-AUC, feature engineering, data analysis, feature selection, dimensionality reduction


This work introduces the novelty as an application of histogram-based bins approach with statistical moments for detecting and classifying malaria using blood smear images into parasitized and uninfected cell images and the rising disease of COVID-19/Normal lung images. Proposed algorithms greatly vary as compared to the previous work. This work aims to improve accuracy in detection and classification and reduce feature vector dimensionality. It focuses on detailed image contents extracted into 8 bins by considering the significance of the R, G, and B color component relationship in the formation of each pixel. The texture features are represented by the first four moments for each of the three colors separately. This leads to the generation of 12 features vectors, each of size 8 components for each image in the database. Feature dimensionality reduction is achieved by applying different feature selection techniques to obtain desired optimum feature space. The comprehensive feature analysis presented here identifies many useful findings in order to validate the contribution of each image content uniquely in detection and classification. The proposed approach experimented with two image datasets: the malaria dataset obtained from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and the lung image dataset acquired from the Radiography Database from Kaggle. The performance of work presented here is evaluated and compared with previous work with the same set of parameters, namely precision, recall, F1 score, and the AUC. We have achieved and improved the performances compared to previous work and also achieved better results even for the COVID-19 dataset.

Cite This Paper

Hrishikesh Telang, Kavita Sonawane, "COVID-19 and Malaria Parasite Detection and Classification by Bins Approach with Statistical Moments Using Machine Learning", International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP), Vol.15, No.3, pp. 1-13, 2023. DOI:10.5815/ijigsp.2023.03.01


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