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International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP)

ISSN: 2074-9074 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9082 (Online)

Published By: MECS Press

IJIGSP Vol.13, No.5, Oct. 2021

Evaluation of Image Segmentation Algorithms for Plant Disease Detection

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Author(s)

Paul DAYANG, Armandine Sorel KOUYIM MELI

Index Terms

Image processing, image segmentation, plant disease, plant disease classification

Abstract

Processing images efficiently may be influenced by some important factors which are the techniques chosen, the field of study and the quality of images. In this work, we study the field of agriculture with the focus on the early detection of plant diseases through image processing. To detect plant diseases such bacterial diseases, fungal diseases and virus, two main techniques exist: The traditional techniques provided by agricultural experts during visit on the field and the artificial techniques based on images processing algorithms. Since plantations are usually distant from the cities where experts are not easy to find, the artificial techniques incorporated in computer programs become suitable. The modern techniques used to analyse images rely on existing algorithms such as k-nearest neighbor, k-means clustering, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithm, neural networks, etc. Five main phases characterise the process of images analysis: image acquisition, pre-treatment, segmentation, feature extraction and classification. Amongst these phases, we particularly focus on the segmentation which allows to locate portions of leaf that are affected by a disease. Doing so, in this paper we propose a method to evaluate segmentation algorithms (k-means clustering, canny edge and k-nearest neighbor) on the diagnostic of diseases of three of the most cultivated plants (corn, potato, tomato) in the region of study. We study and compare performance values using the ROC-AUC of disease classification using the Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithm. The obtained results show that the canny edge algorithm produces very poor performances on the family of solanaceae plants including potato. The k-nearest neighbour algorithm produces very poor performance due to the difficulty of choosing the k-value. Finally, the k-means algorithm makes it possible to obtain good prediction rates on all the chosen plants.

Cite This Paper

Paul DAYANG, Armandine Sorel KOUYIM MELI, " Evaluation of Image Segmentation Algorithms for Plant Disease Detection", International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP), Vol.13, No.5, pp. 14-26, 2021.DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2021.05.02

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