Discrete Wavelet Transform based High Performance Face Recognition Using a Novel Statistical Approach

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Nazife Cevik 1 Taner Cevik 2,*

1. Computer Engineering, Istanbul Arel University, Istanbul, Turkey

2. Computer Engineering, Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, Turkey

* Corresponding author.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5815/ijigsp.2018.06.01

Received: 14 Feb. 2018 / Revised: 22 Mar. 2018 / Accepted: 20 Apr. 2018 / Published: 8 Jun. 2018

Index Terms

Face Recognition, Discrete Wavelet Transform, Gray-Level Co-occurrence Matrix, Gray-Level Total Displacement Matrix, Texture Extraction, Classification


Biometrics has gained significant popularity for individual identification in the last decades as a necessity of supporting especially the law enforcement and personal authentication required applications. The face is one of the distinctive biometrics that can be used to identify an individual. Henceforth, Face Recognition (FR) has attracted the great interest of the scientists and academicians. One of the most popular methods preferred for FR is extracting textual features from face images and subsequently performing classification according to these features. A substantial portion of the previous texture analysis and classification studies have based on extracting features from Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM). In this study, we present an alternative method that utilizes Gray Level Total Displacement Matrix (GLTDM) which holds statistical information about the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) of the original face image. The approximation and three detail sub-bands of the image are first calculated. GLTDMs that are specific to these four matrices are subsequently generated. The Haralick features are extracted from those generated four GLTDMs. At the following stage, a new joint feature vector is formed using these four groups of Haralick features. Lastly, extracted features are classified by using K-NN algorithm. As demonstrated in the simulation results, the proposed approach performs promising results in the context of classification.

Cite This Paper

Nazife Cevik, Taner Cevik, " Discrete Wavelet Transform based High Performance Face Recognition Using a Novel Statistical Approach ", International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing(IJIGSP), Vol.10, No.6, pp. 1-9, 2018. DOI: 10.5815/ijigsp.2018.06.01


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