Nonlinear Analysis of Human Gait Signals

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Atefeh Goshvarpour 1 Ateke Goshvarpour 1,*

1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

* Corresponding author.


Received: 1 Jan. 2012 / Revised: 18 Feb. 2012 / Accepted: 11 Mar. 2012 / Published: 8 Apr. 2012

Index Terms

Gait cycles, Hurst Exponent, Lyapunov Exponent, Nonlinear Dynamics, Poincare Plots


Nonlinear dynamics has been introduced to the analysis of biological data and increasingly recognized to be functionally relevant. The aim of this study is to evaluate nonlinear and chaotic dynamics of gait signals. For this purpose, we analyzed gait data in ten healthy subjects who walked for an hour at their usual, slow and fast paces. Poincare plots, Hurst Exponents and the Lyapunov Exponents of gait signals were calculated. The results show that the Hurst Exponents are significantly increased during slow and fast paces. For all subjects, the Lyapunov Exponents are increased during normal gait, which indicates that signals are more chaotic. This can be due to decreased nonlinear interaction of variables in slow and fast paces. The finite values of Hurst Exponents and positive values of Lyapunov Exponents suggest that all of gait signals have low dimensional chaos. In addition, the complexity of signals is decreased during slow and fast gait. Results are useful for the early diagnosis of common gait pathologies.

Cite This Paper

Atefeh Goshvarpour, Ateke Goshvarpour, "Nonlinear Analysis of Human Gait Signals", International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business(IJIEEB), vol.4, no.2, pp.15-21, 2012. DOI:10.5815/ijieeb.2012.02.03


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