International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science (IJMECS)
ISSN: 2075-0161 (Print), ISSN: 2075-017X (Online)
Published By: MECS Press
IJMECS Vol.5, No.6, Jul. 2013
ERPWS: An Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Conductive Sensor based Water Level Monitoring and Control System using Zigbee and 74HC14 Inverter
Full Text (PDF, 805KB), PP.31-41
In this paper we have shown how to use conductive sensor, Zigbee and 74HC14 Inverter to monitor the water level and to control the working of pump. This project is designed to automatically fill the over head tank when it gets empty and monitor the water level in it. The motor is switched ON when the water level in the overhead tank drops below a pre fixed low level (on point) and puts off the motor when water level rises up to pre fixed high level (off point).The motor is also switched off during the following conditions: when the sump water is exhausted before filling overhead tank, pump running dry, mains voltage fluctuations. We also introduce an energy efficient routing protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks (ERPWS) for Conductive Sensor based Water Level Monitoring and Control System using Zigbee (XBEE 802.15.4) in terms of energy consumptions, the packet loss ratio, network lifetime and the average delivery delay. The XBEE used here is XBEE Pro Series 1(XBP24-AWI-001) and IC used is 74HC14 Hex Inverting Schmitt trigger. Simulation results have been obtained by using NS2 simulator. The evaluation results show that the energy consumption of routing using ERPWS is significantly lower than LEACH and traditional routing protocols.
Cite This Paper
Saima Maqbool,Nidhi Chandra,Shivraj Dagadi,"ERPWS: An Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Conductive Sensor based Water Level Monitoring and Control System using Zigbee and 74HC14 Inverter", IJMECS, vol.5, no.6, pp.31-41, 2013.DOI: 10.5815/ijmecs.2013.06.05
Jun Zheng and Abbas Jamalipour, “Introduction to Wireless Sensor Networks”, Book: Wireless Sensor Networks: A Networking Perspective, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2009.
Datasheet XBee?/XBee-PRO? OEM RF Modules. “Product Manual v1.xAx - 802.15.4 Protocol”, For OEM RF Module Part Numbers: XB24-...-001, XBP24-...-001.
Datasheet 74HC14; 74HCT14. Hex inverting Schmitt trigger, Rev. 6 — 19 September 2012.
Nidal Nasser1, ANK Zaman, Lutful Karim and Nargis Khan, “CPWS: An Efficient Routing Protocol for RGB”, IEEE 8th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob), 2012.
S. M. Khaled Reza, Shah Ahsanuzzaman Md. Tariq, S.M. Mohsin Reza, “Microcontroller Based Automated Water Level Sensing and Controlling: Design and Implementation Issue”, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science 2010 Vol I (WCECS), October 20-22, 2010
CHEN Chen, XU Jun-ming, GAO Hui-fang,“Polluted Water Monitoring Based on Wireless Sensor”, IEEE, 2012.
Hongmei Zhang, Weiliang Tao Ming Cao, “Development and Application of Mobile Water Level Monitoring Based on Multi-sensor Integration”, IEEE International Conference on Electrical and Control Engineering, 2010.
Xiao Ying, Zhu Bing, Liu Yong, and Peng Xuange, “The Automatic Monitoring Device of Ground water Level Based on Embedded Systems”, In the Proceedings of the 2009 International Symposium on Information Processing (ISIP’09) , August 21-23, 2009, pp. 241-244.
R.Ramani, S.Selvaraju, S.Valarmathy, R.Thangam, B.Rajasekaran, “Water-Level Monitor for Borewell and Water Tank Based on GSM”, In International Journal of Engineering Science and Technoloy (IJEST),Vol. 4 No.10 October 2012.
Valerio Plessi, Filippo Bastianini, and Sahra Sedigh-Ali, “An Autonomous and Adaptable Wireless Device for Flood Monitoring”, In the Proceedings of the IEEE 30th Annual International Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC'06), 2006.
Ruqayyah Mustafa, Jung H. Kim, John Kelly, Ro Le, JungHee Kim,“Wireless Sensor Network Application for Cost Effective Environmental Monitoring”, IEEE, 2009.
Liu Guangzhong, Li Zhibin, “Depth-Based Multi-hop Routing Protocol for Underwater Sensor Network”.In 2nd International Conference on Industrial Mechatronics and Automation, IEEE, 2010.
Rafe Alasem, Ahmed Reda, and Mahmud Mansour,” Location Based Energy Efficient Reliable Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks”.In ACM, World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society (WSEAS), Pages 180-185, 2011.
Teerawat Issariyakul, Ekram Hossain, “Introduction to Network Simulator NS2”. In Springer Science, Business Media, LLC, 2009.