International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS)

ISSN: 2074-9090 (Print), ISSN: 2074-9104 (Online)

Published By: MECS Publisher

IJCNIS Vol.8, No.2, Feb. 2016

Enhanced Direction Based Hazard Routing Protocol for Smooth Movement of Vehicles

Full Text (PDF, 493KB), PP.49-55

Views:2   Downloads:0


Needhi Lathar, Shashi Bhushan, Manish Mahajan

Index Terms

VANET;Bypass Routing;Collision Detection;Hybrid connectivity;Flexible service


Vehicular Ad hoc Network involves the movement of vehicles and the communication between them for their security. VANETs have many application areas. One of main applications of VANETs is to improve the driving safety. In various safety related applications, vehicular nodes constantly communicate with roadside equipments. Road Side Units (RSUs) can sense the real time information about road conditions, animals straying and road blocks and passes all this hazardous related information to the vehicles approaching in its range. These alert messages enable the driver to take timely decisions in preventing from accidents or delays in information delivery. In this paper, Enhanced Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol and Ad Hoc On-demand Distance Vector protocols are used to avoid prevent vehicles from collision and to increase the coverage range of VANETs. These issues are resolved by bypass routing and a synchronized clock maintained with the RSUs respectively. To solve the issues and make the system more reliable we propose the roadside wireless sensor nodes along with vehicular nodes in the network. The RSUs are fixed at some distances and communicate with wireless sensors attached at vehicular nodes.

Cite This Paper

Needhi Lathar, Shashi Bhushan, Manish Mahajan,"Enhanced Direction Based Hazard Routing Protocol for Smooth Movement of Vehicles", International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security(IJCNIS), Vol.8, No.2, pp.49-55, 2016.DOI: 10.5815/ijcnis.2016.02.06


[1]A. Festag, P. Papadimitratos, T. Tielert, Design and performance of secure geocast for vehicular communication. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 59, pp: 2456–2471, April 2015.

[2]G. Samara, W.A.H. Al-Salihy, R. Sures "Security issues and challenges of Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks", Proceedings of The 4th International Conference on New Trends in Information Science and Service Science (NISS), pp: 393-398, June 2015.

[3]N. Lathar, S. Bhushan, M. Mahajan, Intelligent Hazard Routing for VANETs with Point of Interest Evaluation Technique. International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, Vol. 4, pp: 116-121, June 2015.

[4]R. Kumar, M. Dave, Department of IT, M. M. University, Mullana, Haryana, India ,"A Comparative Study of Various Routing Protocols in VANET", February 2015.

[5]S.A. Mohammad, A. Rasheed and A. Qayyum, "VANET Architectures and Protocol Stacks: A Survey" Communication Technologies for Vehicles, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2015, Vol. 69, pp: 95-105, January 2015.

[6]P.K. Saini, K. Bhagchandani, Y.M. Sharma," Modern Investigation of Issues and Ad-Hoc Routing Protocols Applied To VANET", International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT) December 2014.

[7]Z. Zheng, P. Sinha, and S. Kumar, "Sparse wifi deployment for vehicular internet access with bounded interconnection gap," Networking, IEEE/ACM Transactions on, vol. 20, no. 3, pp: 956–969, September 2012.

[8]V.A. Gajbhiye, R.W. Jasutkar, "Study of Efficient Routing Protocols for VANET" International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 4, Issue3, March 2015.

[9]Rasheed, Asim, et al. "Fleet & convoy management using VANET." Journal of Computer Networks, Vol. 1, pp: 1-9, March 2015.

[10]K. Mershad and H. Artail, "Finding a STAR in a Vehicular Network", IEEE Intelligent transportation systems magazine, pp: 55-68, August, 2015.

[11]Mejri, M. Nidhal, J. Ben-Othman, and M. Hamdi. "Survey on VANET security challenges and possible cryptographic solutions." Vehicular Communications, Vol. 2, pp: 53-66, July 2015.

[12]Cheng, Huang, et al. "A Genetic Algorithm-Based Sparse Coverage over Urban VANETs." Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops (IPDPSW), IEEE International. IEEE, March 2015.

[13]S. Al-Sultan, M.M. Al-Doori, A.H. Al-Bayatti, H. Zedan, "A comprehensive survey on vehicular Ad Hoc network ", Journal of Network and Computer Applications, Vol. 37, pp: 380–392, April 2015.

[14]N. Lathar, S. Bhushan, M. Mahajan, "Enhanced Hazard Routing Mechanism with Collision-Avoidance for Smooth Vehicular Movement", International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering (IJERCSE) ISSN: 2394-2320, Volume 2, Issue 8, pp. 71-76, August-2015.

[15]M.A. Berlin, and S. Anand. "Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating road hazard information using road side infrastructures in VANETs." SpringerPlus 3, August 2014.